R.I.M.S 35
Latest R.I.M.S News

Professor Avner Raban
In memory of Professor Avner Raban (1937-2004)


Links
IMMRAC
Contract Archaelogy

Address:
The Leon Recanati Institute for Maritime Studies
University of Haifa, Mount Carmel,
Haifa 31905, Israel
Tel: 972-4-8240600, 972-4-8249819
Fax: 972-4-8240493
E-Mail: maritime@
research.haifa.ac.il

 


Ehud Spanier, Prof.

Curriculum Vitae
  • Personal Details
  • Higher Education
  • Academic Ranks and Tenure in Insititutions of Higher Education
  • Offices in University Academic Administration
  • Scholarly Positions and Activities Outside the University
  • Professional Affiliations
  • Research Interests
  • Scholarships, Awards, Research Grants, ETC.
  • Teaching
  • Miscellaneous


  • List of Publication
  • Ph.D. Dissertation
  • Books
  • Articles in Refereed Journals
  • Articles or Chapters in Books Which Are Not Conference Proceedings
  • Articles in Confrence Proceedings
  • Other Scientific Publications
  • Other Publications








  • Curriculum Vita

    Personal Details

    Name: Ehud Spanier
    Place and Date of Birth: Haifa, Israel January 28, 1945
    Marital Status: Divorced, four children
    Citizenship and Identity Card Number: Israeli, id. card # 06631154
    Permanent Home Address: 52 Margalit St. Haifa 34464, Israel
    Home Telephone Number: 972-4-8252088
    Mobile Telephone Number: 972-51-274429
    Office Address and Phone: Department of Maritime Civilizations and the Leon Recanati Institute for Maritime Studies, University of Haifa, Mount Carmel Haifa, 31905, Israel. Tel. 972-4-8240782
    Electronic Address: spanier@research.haifa.ac.il
    Telefax Number: 972-4-8240493

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    Higher Education

    Tel Aviv University, Faculty of Life Sciences Biology 1965-1968 B.Sc. Biology (June, 1969)

    Tel Aviv University, Faculty of Life Sciences Department of Zoology, Zoology 1968-1970 M.Sc. Zoology (with distinction, June, 1971)

    University of Miami, Florida, Rosenstiel School of Marine and Atmospheric Science Marine Biology and Oceanography, 1971-1975, Ph.D. (July, 1975).

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    Academic Ranks and Tenure in Insititutions of Higher Education

    Dates

    Name of Institution and Department

    Rank

    1968-1971

    Department of Zoology, Tel Aviv University

    Research Assistant

    1968-1971

    Department of Zoology, Tel-Aviv University,

    Teaching Assistant

    1971-1975

    Division of Biology and Living Resources, Rosenstiel School of Marine and Atmospheric Science, University of Miami

    Research Associate

    1975-1976

    The Heintz Steinitz Marine Biology Laboratory of the Hebrew University, Eilat.

    Research Scientist (post-doctoral)

    1976-1978

    University of Haifa. Institute of Evolution, Department of Maritime Civilizations, Center for Maritime Studies

    Lecturer

    1979-1981

    University of Haifa. Center for Maritime Studies and Department of Maritime Civilizations

    Lecturer

    1981-1982

    University of Haifa. Department of Maritime Civilizations,

    Lecturer

    1982-1993

    University of Haifa. Department of Maritime Civilizations,

    Senior Lecturer(with tenure)

    1985-1986

    University of California, Santa Barbara, CAL Marine Science Institute and Department of Biological Sciences, (sabbatical year)

    Visiting Associate Professor

    1991-1992

    University of Rhode Island, Kingston R. I. Department of Zoology (sabbatical year)

    Visiting Professor

    1993-1999

    University of Haifa, Department of Maritime Civilizations

    Associate Professor (with tenure)

    1999-

    University of Haifa, Department of Maritime Civilizations

    Full Professor (with tenure)

    June-September 2005

    City University of NY, University of Boston

    Visiting Professor

     

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    Offices in University Academic Administration

    1982-1985

    Chairman of the Department of Maritime Civilizations, University of Haifa.

    1987-1989

    Director, Center for Maritime Studies, University of Haifa.

    1987-1991

    Member of the Senate of the University of Haifa.

    March- April 1995

    Acting Chairman of the Department of Maritime Civilizations and Acting Director, Center for Maritime Studies, University of Haifa.

    1995-2002, 2004

    Member of the Senate of the University of Haifa.

    1996-1997

    Chairman of the Committee of Joint Studies, University of Haifa-Technion.

    1997-

    Member of the Committee for Encouragement of Young Scientists, University of Haifa.

    1997-2000, 2003-2006

    Chairman of the Department of Maritime Civilizations, University of Haifa.

    1997-2000, 2003-2006

    Director, The Leon Recanati Institute for Maritime Studies, University of Haifa.

    1998-

    Chairman of the committee for academic and scientific cooperation between the University of Haifa and the Israel Oceanographic and Limnological Research.

    1999-

    Chairman of the committee for academic and scientific cooperation in marine sciences between the University of Haifa and the Technion, Israel Institute of Technology

    1999-2000

    Member of the conferences’ committee, Research Authority, University of Haifa.

    September 2001- March 2002.

    Chairman of the Department of Maritime Civilizations, University of Haifa.

    2002-

    Member of the Research Authority Council, University of Haifa.

    2003- 2006

    Member of the Committee of Ph.D. students in science, Graduate Studies Authority, University of Haifa

    2004-

    Member of the promotion committee for researchers, University of Haifa

    2006-

    Member of the all university Committee for research students, University of Haifa

    2006 -

    Member of the court for academic discipline, University of Haifa

    2007-

    Member of the International Steering Committee of the new School for Marine Sciences, University of Haifa

     

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    Scholarly Positions and Activities Outside the University

    1979

    Representative of the University of Haifa in the Volcani Center Committee.

    1981-1982

    Member of the Israeli National subcommittee for Oceanography, Israel National Council for Higher Learning

    1982-1985

    Member of the board of directors of the Israel Ecological Society.

    1984

    Organizer of the 15th Annual Conference of the Israel Ecological Society. University of Haifa, May 31, 1984.

    1987-1990

    Member of the board of directors and vice chairman of the Israel Society for Ecology and Environmental Quality Sciences.

    1987-1991, 1992- 2002

    Member of the board of directors and the representative of the University of Haifa at the Inter-university Institute for Marine Science (H. Steinitz Marine Biological Laboratory), Eilat.(a subcommittee of the Israel National Council for Higher Learning).

    1988

    Organizer of the 19th Annual Conference of the Israel Society for Ecology and Environmental Quality Sciences, University of Tel-Aviv, June 15-16, 1988.

    1989

    Organizer of the 4th International Conference of the Israel Society for Ecology and Environmental Quality Sciences, Jerusalem, June 4-8, 1989.

    1989-

    The representative of Israel in INTECOL.

    1988-2004

    Referee of doctoral dissertations in Life Sciences, Tel-Aviv University. Referee for: National Science Foundation, U.S.A., Israeli Academy of Sciences, U.S.-Israel Binational Science Foundation, Israel Ministry of Agriculture, German-Israeli Foundation for Scientific Research and Development. Reviewer of scientific articles submitted to the following refereed Journals: Marine Biology, Israel Journal of Zoology, Crustaceana, BIOS, Marine Ecology Progress Series, Journal of Natural History, Marine and Freshwater Research, Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, Journal of the World Aquaculture Society, Hydrobiologia, Bulletin of Marine Science, Annales – Annals for Istern and Mediterranean studies, ICES Journal of Marine Science, Periodicum Biologorum, ICES Journal of Marine Science.

    1990

    Member of the organizing committee of the Israel-France binational conference "Studies of the continental margins of the Mediterranean."

    1990-1992

    International coordinator of the 5th International Conference on Aquatic Habitat Enhancement (Long Beach, CA, USA, 1991).

    1991-

    Member of the Benthos Committee, International Commission for Scientific Exploration of the Mediterranean Sea.

    1993-4

    Chairman of the National Public Scientific Committee for the evaluation of the environmental impacts of wrecks' dumping for the use of artificial reefs in the Mediterranean (nominated by the director general of the Israel Ministry of the Environment).

    1994

    Member of the Organizing Committee of the 31st Annual Meeting of the Zoological Society of Israel.

    1995

    Member of the Steering Committee of ECOSET '95 (International Conference on Ecological System Enhancement Technology for Aquatic Environments) Japan (Nov. 1995).

    1995- 1998

    Member of the Board of Directors of the Israeli Society for Ecology and Environmental Quality Sciences.

    1995- 1996

    The representative of the University of Haifa at the referee committee of the Technion /University of Haifa Joint Studies Fund (1996 Chairman of the Committee).

    1995- 1998

    Comptroller of the Zoological Society of Israel.

    1995- 1996

    Member of a professional committee (for promotion to senior lecturer), The Faculty of Life Sciences, Ben-Gurion University).

    1996

    Organizer of the Symposium “New development in drinking water quality”. Technion, February 20, 1996.

    1996

    Member of the organizing committee of the 6th International Conference of the Israeli Society for Ecology and Environmental Quality Sciences: “Preservation of our world in the wake of change”, Jerusalem, July 1996.

    1996-1998

    Chairman of the Israeli Society for Ecology and Environmental Quality Sciences.

    1997

    Organizer of the 28th Annual Conference of the Israel Society for Ecology and Environmental Quality Sciences, University of Haifa, June 16-17, 1997.

    1997-1998

    Member of the Directorate of the Israel Diving Federation.

    1997

    Member of the National Public Scientific Committee for Artificial Reef in the Gulf of Eilat (nominated by the director general of the Israel Ministry of the Environment).

    1997

    Member of the professional advisory committee for the Israel Ministry of Agriculture on possible introduction of predatory fish to the Sea of Galilee (nominated by the Director General of the Israel Ministry of Agriculture).

    1998

    Member of the organizing committee of the 35th AnnualConference of the Zoological Society of Israel. University of Haifa, December 1998.

    1998-1999

    Member of the Steering Committee of the Seventh International Conference on Artificial Reefs and related structures (San-Remo, 1999).

    1998-1999

    Member of the Scientific Committee of the Seventh International Colloquium Crustacea Decapoda Mediterranea (Lisbon, 1999).

    1998-1999

    Member of the Professional Scientific Committee for Oceanography, Israel Oceanographic & Limnological Research

    2000

    Member of a professional committee (for promotion to senior lecturer), The Faculty of Life Sciences, Bar-Ilan University).

    2000-2004

    Member of the editorial board of Annales – Annals for Istrian and Mediterranean studies (an international refereed journal).

    2000-2001

    Member of the Steering Committee of the Seventh International Conference on Coelenterate Biology (ICCB) together with the annual European conference of the International Society for Reef Studies (ISRS). The Inter-University Institute, Eilat, (October 2001).

    2005-

    Member of the Steering Committee of the Israel Academy for Sciences and Humanities for National Collections of Natural History.

     

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    Professional Affiliations

    Member of: The Animal Behavior Society The International Association of Fish Ethologists Israel Society for Aquaculture Israel Ecological Society Israel Malacological Society The Zoological Society of Israel International Ethological Society Western Society of Naturalists INTECOL (International Ecological Society) Ecological Society of America American Academy for Underwater Sciences Marine Technology Society International Geographical Union Commission on Marine Geography American Society of Zoologists International Commission for Scientific Exploration of the Mediterranean Sea The Crustacean Society European Artificial Reef Research Network (EARRN).

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    Research Interests

    • Ecology and behavior of marine fish and invertebrates.
    • Behavioral Ecology of lobsters.
    • Ecology of artificial reefs and mariculture of fish in the open sea.
    • Dangerous marine organisms in the Eastern Mediterranean and Northern Red Sea.
    • Biogeography of marine organisms.
    • Behavioral ecology of muricid snails and their use in the ancient dye industries.
    • Bioacoustics of marine and aquatic animals.
    • Biology of marine mammals.

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    Scholarships, Awards, Research Grants, ETC.

    1969-1970

    Graduate Studies Scholarship ִ Tel Aviv University.

    1971-1973

    The University of Miami ִ Tel Aviv University Special Fellowship.

    1974

    George S. Wise Fellowship for Graduate Students in the Faculty of Life Sciences.

    1974

    Sigma XI Society award for the study of sound recognition in damselfish.

    1975

    W.C. Allee Award for the best student paper in Animal Behavior in North America Animal Behavior Society.

    1975-1976

    Tobias-Landaw Fellowship for post-doctoral study in Oceanography at the Hebrew University.

    1976-1978

    IL40,000 Research Grant from the Center for Absorption in Science.

    1977-1978

    IL30,000 Research Grant from the Israeli Academy of Sciences.

    1978-1979

    IL40,000 Research Grant from the Israeli Academy of Sciences.

    1979

    $12,850 Research Grant from the A.D. Greenberg Foundation, CAL.

    1980

    IL25,000 Research Grant for applied research from T.N.H. Industries

    1980-1981

    $10,000 Research Grant from the Edelstein Foundation.

    1982

    $12,500 Research Grant from the Edelstein Foundation.

    1983-1984

    IS900,000 Research Grant from the Ministry of Energy and Infrastructure.

    1983-1984

    $25,000 Research Grant from the Edelstein Foundation.

    1985-1986

    $ 7,500 Research Grant from the Scheuer Foundation.

    1986-1987

    $10,700 Research Grant from M. Hatter Fund, London.

    1988

    The price of the research authority, University of Haifa, for encouragement of outstanding scientists.

    1988-1989

    $5,000 Research Grant (with Prof. D. Weihs) for the study of the Hydrodynamics of swimming of the Mediterranean Slipper lobster from the University of Haifa/Technion joint Studies fund.

    1989

    $14,243 Research Grant from the H. Joseph Trust Fund, London.

    1990

    $12,000 Research Grant from the Aviezer Foundation.

    1991

    $ 3,500 Research grant from UN-FAO Mediterranean Action Plan ִ MED POL Program.

    1991-1992

    $15,000 Research Grant (with Dr. Barshaw) from the Israel Ministry of Science.

    1991-1992

    A Research Grant (with M. Tom and B.S. Galil) from NOAA (U.S.A.) and Israel Institute of Oceanography for continuous ROV study of the Akhziv Kenyon.

    1992

    $30,425 Research Grant (with J.S. Cobb) from NOAA ִ National Undersea Research Center for the study "Using low cost ROVs to observe the behavior of juvenile American clawed lobsters".

    1992-1993

    $23,000 Research Grant (with Dr. Barshaw) from the Israel Ministry of Science.

    1993-1994

    $11,000 Research Grant from the Israeli Ministry of Environmental Quality for Study of Jelly Fish.

    1993-1994

    $ 4,000 Research grant from UN-FAO Mediterranean Action Plan ִ MED POL Program.

    1993-1994

    $22,000 Research Grant (with Dr. Barshaw) from the Israeli Ministry of Science and Arts.

    1994

    $3,300 Research Grant from the designated allocation of the Planning and Funding Committee of the Israel Council of Higher Education through the Research Authority, University of Haifa.

    1994

    $4,600 Research Grant (with Prof. D. Weihs) from the University of Haifa/Technion Joint Studies Fund

    1994-1995

    $16,000 Research Grant (with Dr. Barshaw) from the Israeli Ministry of Science and Arts and the Center for Absorption in Science.

    1995-

    $900 Research Grant from the Fund for Research Encouragement, University of Haifa.

    1995-1997

    $56,810 Research Grant (with Drs. N. Kress and M. Tom, Israel Oceanographic & Limnological Research) from the Israel Electric Company for the study of the effect of coal fly ash in marine concrete on marine life

    1995-

    $9,000 Grant for scientific equipment funded by the Planning and Funding Committee of the Israel Council of Higher Education.

    1995-1996

    $5,000 Research Grant from UNִFAO Mediterranean Action Plan - MED POL Program.

    1996

    $2000 Research Grant from the Research Authority, University of Haifa for the study of “Predator-prey interactions of lobsters from the Mediterranean and the Atlantic Ocean in Artificial Reefs, Ecology and Behavior.”

    1996

    $15,000 Grant from the Scheuer Foundation.

    1997

    $4,300 Grant from the Fund for Research Encouragement, the Research Authority, University of Haifa.

    1997

    $2,000 Grant for a preliminary study (with A. Tsatskin) “Petrographic and biological comparison of recent maritime concrete containing fly ash and form a historical source”.

    1997

    $5,000 Grant from the Scheuer Family Foundation for “The Study of Lobsters in the Eastern Mediterranean”.

    1997

    $10,000 Grant (+ $3,000 complementary fund from the Research Authority, University of Haifa) from the Foundation of the Planning and Funding of the Israel Council for Higher Education for Scientific Equipment for a system for video and still pictures analysis (with E. Marcus and D. Sivan).

    1997

    $5,000 Grant from the Inter-university Foundation for Ecology for the Study of “Anthropogenic Pollutants in Dolphins”. (with M. Roditi)

    1997- 1998

    $30,000 Grant (with Drs. N. Kress and M. Tom, Israel Oceanographic & Limnological Research) from the Israel Electric Company for continuation of the study of the effect of coal fly ash in marine concrete on marine life (3rd year).

    1997-1998

    $5,000 Grant from the Inter-university Foundation for Ecology for the continuation of the study “Anthropogenic Pollutants in Dolphins”. (with M. Roditi) (2nd year).

    1998

    $1,500 Grant for a preliminary study from the Research Authority, University of Haifa for the study of “Growth rates and survival of the pearl oyster, Pinctada radiata , under different environmental conditions”.

    1998

    $2,000 Grant for an inter-disciplinary study from the Research Authority, University of Haifa.

    1999

    $18,000 Grant (with Dr. D. Angel, Israel Oceanographic & Limnological Research, National Center for Mariculture, Eilat) for the study “The use of specially designed artificial reefs to reduce organic pollution caused by marine net cage fish farming” from the Israel Environmental Ministry

    1999

    $16,000 from the Foundation of the Planning and Funding of the Israel Council for Higher Education for Scientific Equipment for a special current meter (with D. Sivan).

    1999

    $2,500, The Research Authority Price for a preliminary study: “Predator-prey interactions between the common octopus, Octopus vulgaris, and the Mediterranean slipper lobster Scyllarides latus” from the Research Authority, University of Haifa.

    1999-2001

    Ministry of Science- Bilateral Research Grant Israel-Slovenia for the study “The organic impact of marine net cage fish farming on benthic environment in Israel and Slovenia and probable mitigation”.

    1999-2001

    Ministry of Science- Bilateral Research Grant Israel-Italy for the study “Nannism in Mediterranean fish - a comparison between Red Mullets from Eastern and Central Mediterranean”.

    1999-2000

    $12,000 Grant (with Dr. D. Angel, Israel Oceanographic & Limnological Research, National Center for Mariculture, Eilat) for the study “The use of specially designed artificial reefs to reduce organic pollution caused by marine net cage fish farming” from the Israel Environmental Ministry (2nd year).

    1999-2000

    $15,000 Grant (with Dr. D. Kerem) for the study “Factors affecting morbidity and mortality in dolphins” from the Israel Environmental Ministry. 158,000 (out of 1,300,000) Euro multinational Grant from the European Community (with Dr. D. Angel, Israel Oceanographic & Limnological Research, National Center for Mariculture, Eilat and scientific groups from Britain, Slovenia and Greece) for the study “Biofiltration and Aquaculture: an Evaluation of Hard Substrate Deployment Performance within Mariculture Developments”

    2000 l

    $5,000 from the Foundation of the Planning and Funding of the Israe Council for Higher Education for Scientific Equipment for an underwater digital video camera

    2001-2003

    $110,000 from the Israel Electric Company (with Dr. Dorit Sivan ) for the study: “Coastal sedimentological changes around power plants and their effects on the marine biota”.

    2004-2006

    € 23,500 from the Italian Ministry for Environmental Quality and Territories (through the Porter Institute, Tel-Aviv University) for the study: "Artificial Marine Structure (AMS) as multifunctional tools for research and environmental management in the Mediterranean and Red Sea

    2004-2007

    $30,000 from the Department of Fisheries, Israel Ministry of Agriculture for the study: "Dynamics of fish populations in the Mediterranean fisheries fields of Israel"

    2007

    $ 20, 000 from the Israeli Authority for Natural Parks and Gardens for the study: Comparison of richness and biodiversity of fish and macro-invertebrates in Marine Protected Areas in the Mediterranean in comparison to similar areas open for fisheries"

     

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    Teaching

    A. Courses taught in recent years

    Title

    Year

    Type

    Level

    General Oceanography

    2002-2007

    Lectures

    B.A. & M.A.

    Seminar in Oceanography & Marine Resources

    2002-2007

    Seminar

    M.A. & Ph.D.

    Introduction to Marine Ecology & Marine Environmental Quality

    2007-

    Lectures

    BA (Navy cadets)

    Selected topics in marine Ecology & Biogeography

     

    Lectures

    M.A. & B.A.

    Innovations in Marine Biology

    2007

    Seminar

    M.A. & Ph.D

     

    B. Supervision of graduate students in recent years:

     

    Student's Name

    Title of Thesis/Dissertation

    Degree

    Date

    Forum of Publication(if published)

    Karmon Nira refereed

    "The Purple Dye Industry in Antiquity in the Eastern Mediterranean"

    M.A. (summa cum laude)

    1986

    An article in a journal (C13) An article in a book (B1) Other scientific publications (F6, F9)

    Reuven Inbar

    "Marine coastal and aquatic birds in mosaics of the Roman-Byzantine period in Israel"

    M.A.

    1988

     

    Galit Almog Shtayer

    "Behavioral ecological aspects of Mediterranean lobsters in the past and of the slipper lobster Scyllarides latus in the present"

    M.A. (with distinction)

    1988

    Articles in refereed journals(C17, C18, C20 C22, C25)., An article in conference proceedings (E8)

    Irit Zohar

    "Utilization of Marine resources by a prehistoric human population based on fish remains”

    M.A. (summa cum lauda)

    1995

    Articles in refereed journals (C32, C39, ) C-41)Conference abstracts (F51, F71), an article in Conference proceedings (E11)

    Dr. Diana E. Barshaw

    "Protective adaptations in Mediterranean Lobsters"

    Post-
    doctorate

    1989-
    1990

    Articles in refereed
    journals (C24, C28,
    C29, C48) An article in
    conference proceedings (E16)Conference abstracts (F34, F37, F38, F39, F40, F43, F46, F50,
    F52, F55, F56, F60, F61, F64, F67, F74, F75, F77, F80, F81)

    Nitza Yogev

    "Fish and their depictions in Archaeological finds in the Roman and Byzantine Periods in Israel (63 BCE-640 CE)”

    M.A.

    1996

     

    Dahlia Peeri

    “Marine animals and monsters in cartographic maps from 15th to the 17th centuries”

    M.A(summa cum lauda)

    1996

     

    Dr. Kari Lavalli

    "Comparison of protective behavior in Mediterranean lobsters"

    fellowships)

    1995-1996

    Articles in refereed journals (C35, C39, C42, C48, C53). A book (B-4), Chapters in books (D11, D12, D13, D14, D15. An article in conference proceedings (E16)

     

     

     

    1996-1997

    Conference abstracts (F74, F75, F76, F77 F80, F81, F85, F99, F109, F110)

    Oren Sonin

    “Coastal fisheries in the eastern Mediterranean in the past and in the present”

    M.A. (with distinction)

    1998

    A conference abstract (F48). An article in conference proceedings (E15)

    Oz Goffman

    "Behavior and ecology of dolphins: a comparison between ancient reports and modern findings

    M.A.

    1998

    Articles in refereed journals (C37, C39, C40, C47) Conference abstracts (F63, F66, F68, F73, F76, F88)

    Dr. David E. Myslabodski

    "Agar and agarose manufacture using locally cultivated Gracilaria algae."

    Post doctorate (supervised together with Dr. M. Friedlander IOLR)

    1998

     

    Rivka Ginsburg

    "Jellyfish in the Mediterranean in the past and present"

    M.A(Dean’s list)

    1999

     

    Naama Brit

    “The use of bivalves in the past and aspects of the ecology of the pearl oyster, Pinctada radiata, in the rocky shore of Haifa”

    M.A.

    2000

    A conference abstract (F96)

    Miya Roditi

    “Marine pollution as a cause of morbidity in dolphins- evidence from concentrations of pollutants in bones of dolphins from archaeological excavations and bones and tissues of dolphins found recently along the Mediterranean Israeli coast"

    M.A.

    1999

    Conference abstracts (F68, F73, F76, F88 F97) Articles in refereed journals(C37, C47)

    Arin Bulus

    “Biology of Gelidum crinale and the scientific use of algae as reflected in classical Islamic sources”.

    M. A.

    2001

     

    Anat Glazer

    “Recruitment and settlement of sessile marine organisms on different artificial substrates in a power plant in the south - Eastern Mediterranean”.

    Ph.D.

    2002

    A Conference abstract (F115)

    Mina Potasman

    “Assemblages of live and dead shells of the genus Glycymeris on the beaches, archaeological sites and shallow waters of the Israeli coastline”.

    M. A.

    2003

    An Article in a refereed journal (C55)

    Eyal Sharon

    “The history and biology of poisonous marine organisms in the northern Red Sea”.

    M. A.

    2004

     

    Anat Tsemel

    " Development of sessile macro-biota on artificial substrate next to fish pen-nets in the gulf of Eilat and the roots of marine ecology in Aristotle's research of animal"

    M. A (with distinction)

    2004

    Articles in refereed journals (C49, C52, C54, C56) Conference abstracts(F113, F124)

    Edna Ethad

    "Fishes caught in the electric company’s Haifa power station’s filtering systems in relation to environmental conditions and in comparison to fish assemblages from ancient coastal sites ".

    M. A. (with distinction)

    2004

    A Conference abstract (F119)

    Anat Shmueli

    "Dendropoma petraeum as a biological indicator of Relative Sea Level"

    M. A

    2005

    Oz Goffman

    "Changes in behavioral patterns of single social dolphin, Tursiops. aduncus, towards people over time”

    Ph.D

    2006

    Conference abstracts(F97, F123, F132)

    Dor Edelist

    "Influence of Levantine artificial reefs on the fish assemblages of surrounding seabed and global history the and evolution of artificial reefs"

    M. A(with distinction)

    2006

    Conference abstracts (C126, C127, C130)

    Simcha Gweta

    "Injuries caused to humans by marine animals in the Mediterranean coastal water of Israel"

    M. A

    2007

    A Conference abstract (F131)

    Yona Levin

    "The Genetic Structure of the Green sea Turtle (Chelonia mydas) Population along the Mediterranean coast of Israel using Mitochondrial DNA, and Interactions between Humans and Marine Turtles in Ancient Civilizations

    M. A

    2007

     

    Ehud Edelman

    "The ecology of the agarophyte Pterocladiella capillacea from Rosh Hanikra shoreline, and the history of production and commercial use of agar from algae from ancient to modern times".

    M. A in progress

     

     

    Gur Mizrachi

    "Organisms associated with the nomadic. Jellyfish, Rhopilema nomadica, and the History of the research

    M. A in progress

     

     

    Yuli Sharir

    "Morphometric characteristics of the Bottlenose dolphin, Tursiops truncates in the Levant Basin".

    M. A. in progress

     

     

    Eliana Ratner

    "Cetaceans skeletons: characterizations, uses in marine civilizations, exhibition methods and contribution to research and development of awareness to the marine environment".

    M. A. in progress

     

     

    Marsela Leibovitz

    "A comparison between the rearing patterns of dolphins cabs' in the wild, captivity and of single sociable animals and suckling and weaning in undeveloped human societies".

    M. A. in progress

     

     

    Phillip Namoy

    "Sponges from dark habitats in the north Mediterranean Coast of Israel: ecological Aspects and the use of sponges by man In the past and in the present".

    M. A. in progress

     

     

    Aviad Scheinin

    "The population of common dolphins (Tursiops truncatus), fisheries bottlenose and the interaction between along the two the Mediterranean continental shelf of Israel".

    Ph.D. in progress

     

    Conference abstracts
    (F123, F132)

    Oren Sonin

    "Dynamics of populations of trawled fish along the Mediterranean coasts of Israel and aspects of anthropogenic effects on these populations".

    Ph.D. in progress

     

    An articles in a refereed journal (C58) Conference Abstracts(F106, F107 F116).

    Hadas Lubinevsky Lubinevsky

    "Migrants' invertebrates and explanation for their success in the Levant with emphasize on the marine gastropod Strombus (Conomurex) persicus". possible

    Ph.D. in progress

     

    An articles in a refereed Journal (C49)

    Emanuel Embije

    "Can the gardening concept be applied for reef restoration in Tanzania reefs?".

    Ph.D. in progress

     

     

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    Miscellaneous

    1974-1975

    Vice-President of the Graduate Students Organization in Marine Sciences, University of Miami.

    1977-1978

      Member and treasurer of the Committee of the Faculty Organization, University of Haifa.

      1977-1979  

    Scientific Consultant, Israel Defense Ministry.

      1980

    Scientific Consultant (Oceanography) Israel Open University.

     

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    List of Publication

    . Ph.D. Dissertation

    Spanier, E. 1975. Sound recognition by Damselfishes of the genus Eupomacentrus from Florida waters. Ph.D. Dissertation, University of Miami, Florida, 145pp. (in English), (Major Superviso:ִ Prof. A.A. Myrberg). Published see C-2, E-1.

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    . Books

    Edited Books

    B-1. Spanier, E. (Ed.) 1987. The Royal Purple and The Biblical Blue ִArgaman and Tekhelet.  220 pp. Keter, Jerusalem.

    Chapters written: 

               Spanier, E., and N. Karmon,  Muricid snails and the ancient dye industries, pp. 179-192.

               Karmon, N. and Spanier, E., Archaeological evidence of the purple dye industry from Israel, pp.147-158.

               Elsner, O. and Spanier, E., The past, present and future of Tekhelet, pp.167-178.

               Mienis, H.K. and Spanier, E., A Review of the family Janthinidae (Mollusca, Gastropoda) in connection with the Tekhelet dye, pp.197-206.

    B-2. Luria, M., Y. Steinberger and Spanier, E. (Eds.) 1989. Environmental Quality and Ecosystem         Stability. Vol.IV/A: Environmental Quality, 700pp. ISEEQS, Jerusalem. (Conference Proceedings).

    B-3. Spanier, E., Y. Steinberger and M. Luria, (Eds.) 1989. Environmental Quality and Ecosystem         Stability. Vol. IV/B: Ecosystem Stability, 552pp. ISEEQS, Jerusalem. (Conference Proceedings).

    B-4. Lavalli, K. L. and Spanier, E. (Eds.) 2007. The Biology and Fisheries of the Slipper Lobster. Crustacean Issues 17. CRC Press (Taylor & Francis Group), NY.  ISBN: 0849333989, Hardcover, 400 pp.

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    Articles in Refereed Journals

    Published

    C-1. Spanier, E. 1978.  Preliminary trials with an ultraviolet liquid sterilizer.  Aquaculture 19: 75-84.

    C-2. Spanier, E. 1979.  Aspects of species recognition by sound in four species of damselfishes, Genus Eupomacentrus (Pisces: Pomacentridae).  Zeitschrift für Tierpsychol, 51: 301-316.

    C-3. Spanier, E. 1980. The use of distress calls to repel night herons (Nycticorax nycticorax) from fish pond. Journal of Applied Ecology, 17: 287-294.

    C-4. Spanier, E. 1981 Weeverfishesִ venomous marine fishes in the Mediterranean. Journal of Israel Medical Association 100 (4): 185-187 (In Hebrew).

    C-5. Spanier, E., M. Tom and S. Pisanty. 1985. Enhancement of fish recruitment by artificial enrichment of man-made reefs in the southeastern Mediterranean. Bulletin of Marine Science, 37(1): 356-363.

    C-6. Goren, M. and E. Spanier, 1985.  The Communities of benthic fish in Foul Bay (Tiran Island, Red Sea). Oceanologica Acta, 8 (4): 471-478.

    C-7. Spanier, E. 1986.  Cannibalism in Muricid Snails ִ a possible explanation for archaeological findings. Journal of Archaeological Science , 13:  463-468.

    C-8. Spanier, E. 1987.  A fossil record of shell boring: possible evidence for sea level changes in the Red Sea. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science,  24:873-879.

    C-9. Zimmer-Faust, R.K. and E. Spanier, 1987. Gregariousness and sociality in spiny lobsters: implication for den habitation. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology  105:51-71.

    C-10. Spanier, E., M. Tom, S. Pisanty and G. Almog, 1988. Seasonality and shelter selection by the slipper lobster Scyllarides latus  in the southeastern Mediterranean. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 42: 247-255.

    C-11. Spanier, E. and M. Goren, 1988. An Indo-Pacific Trunkfish Tetrasomus gibbosus  (Linnaeus) first record of the family Ostracionidae in the Mediterranean. Journal of Fish Biology, 32: 797-798.

    C-12. Spanier, E. and R.K. Zimmer-Faust, 1988. Some physical properties of shelter that influence den preference in spiny lobsters. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology , 122: 137-149.   

    C-13. Karmon, N. and E. Spanier, 1988. Remains of a purple dye industry found at Tel Shiqmona. Israel Exploration Journal, 38 (3): 184-186.

    C-14. Raikhlin-Eisenkraft, B., Y. Finkelstein and E. Spanier,, 1988. Ciguatera-like poisoning in the Mediterranean.  Veterinary and Human Toxicology, 30 (6): 582-583.

    C-15. Galil, B., S. Pisanty, E. Spanier and M. Tom. 1989. The Indo-Pacific lobster Panulirus ornatus  (Fabricius, 1798) (Crustacea: Decapoda) ִ a new lessepsian migrant to the Eastern Mediterranean Israel Journal of Zoology,  35: 241-243.

    C-16. Spanier, E., Y. Finkelstein and B. Raikhlin-Eisenkraft, 1989. Toxicity  of the saupe Sarpa salpa. (Linnaeus, 1758) on the Mediterranean coast of Israel. Journal of Fish Biology, 34: 635-636.

    C-17. Spanier, E., S. Pisanty, M. Tom and G. Almog-Shtayer, 1989. The fish assemblage on a coralligenous shallow shelf of the Mediterranean coast of Northern Israel. Journal of Fish Biology, 35: 641-649.

    C-18. Spanier, E., M. Tom, S. Pisanty, and G. Almog-Shtayer, 1990. Artificial reefs in the low productive marine environment of the Southeastern Mediterranean. P.S.Z.N.I: Marine Ecology,  11(1): 61-75.

    C-19. Galil, B., E. Spanier and W. Ferguson, 1990. The Scyphomedusae of the Israeli Mediterranean coast, including two Lessepsian migrants new to the Mediterranean.  Zoologische Mededelingen, Leiden, 64(7): 95-105.

    C-20. Spanier, E., Weihs, D. and G. Almog-Shtayer, 1991. Swimming of the Mediterranean Slipper lobster. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 145:15-31.

    C-21. Spanier, E. and B.S. Galil, 1991. Lessepsian migrationִ a continuous biogeographical process. Endeavour 584, 15(3):102-106.

    C-22. Spanier, E., and G. Almog-Shtayer, 1992. Shelter preferences in the Mediterranean slipper lobster: effects of physical properties. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, 164:103-116.

    C-23. Spanier, E., J.S. Cobb, and M.-J. James, 1993. Why are there no reports on eusocial marine crustaceans? Oikos, 67(3): 573-576.

    C-24. Spanier, E. and D.E. Barshaw, 1993. Tag retention in the Mediterranean slipper lobster.  Israel Journal of Zoology, 39(1): 29-33.

    C-25. Spanier, E., G. Almog-Shtayer, and U. Fiedler, 1993. The Mediterranean slipper lobster Scyllarides latusִ the known and the unknown. BIOS, 1(1):49-58.

    C-26. Spanier, E., J.S. Cobb and M. Clancy, 1994. Impacts of remotely operated vehicles on the behavior of marine animals: an example using American lobsters. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 104:257-266.

    C-27. Spanier, E., 1994. What are the characteristics of a good artificial reef for lobsters? Crustaceana, 67(2):173-186.

    C-28. Barshaw, D. and E. Spanier, 1994. The undiscovered lobster - a first look at the social behavior of the Mediterranean slipper lobster, Scyllarides latus Decapoda, Scyllaridae. Crustaceana, 67(2): 187-197.

    C-29. Barshaw, D.E. and E. Spanier, 1994. Anti-predator behaviors of the Mediterranean slipper lobster Scyllarides latus. Bulletin of Marine Science, 55(2+3): 375-382.

    C-30. Avian, M., E. Spanier and B. Galil, 1995. Nematocysts of Rhopilema nomadica (Scyphozoa: Rhizostomeae), an immigrant jellyfish in the Eastern Mediterranean. Journal of Morphology, 224: 221-231.

    C-31. Kokeli, F., M. Avian, E. Spanier and B. Galil, 1995. Dermatotoxicity of 2 nematocyst preparations of the jellyfish Rhopilema nomadica. Contact Dermatitis 32: 244.

    C-32. Zohar, I., T. Dayan and E. Spanier, 1997. Predicting Grey Triggerfish body size from bones. International Journal of Osteoarchaeology 7: 150-156.

    C-33. Lozano-Alvarez, E. and E. Spanier, 1997. Behavior and growth of captive sub-adults spiny lobsters, Panulirus argus, under the risk of predation.  Marine and Freshwater Research,48 (8):707-713.

    C-34. Spanier, E., T.P. McKenzie, J.S. Cobb and M. Clancy, 1998. Behavior of juvenile American          lobsters, Homarus americanus, under predation risk, Marine Biology, 130 (3), 397-406.

    C-35. Spanier, E. and K.L. Lavalli, 1998. Natural history of Scyllarides latus (Crustacea Decapoda): a review of the contemporary biological knowledge of the Mediterranean slipper lobster. Journal of Natural History, 32(6), 1769-1786.

    C-36. Fiedler, U. and E. Spanier, 1999. Occurrence of larvae of Scyllarus arctus (Crustacea, Decapoda, Scyllaridae) in the Eastern Mediterranean - preliminary results. Annales – Annals for Istrian n and Mediterranean studies, 17, 153-158.

    C-37. Goffman, O., M. Roditi, T. Shariv, E. Spanier and D. Kerem, 2000. Cetacean from the Israeli coast of the Mediterranean Sea. Israel Journal of Zoology, 46, 143-147.

    C-38. Spanier, E., 2000. Changes in the ichthyofauna of an artificial reef in the southeastern Mediterranean in one decade. Scientia Marina 64(2), 279-284

    C-39. Spanier, E., O. Goffman, D. Kerem, and K. Lavalli. 2000. Injury of an Indian Ocean bottlenose dolphin (Tursiops aduncus) in the Red Sea by a stingray spine. Aquatic Mammals 26(3): 196-201.

    C-40. Kerem, D., Goffman, O. and Spanier, E., 2001. Sighting of a single hump-backed dolphin (Sousa sp.) along the Mediterranean coast of Israel. Marine Mammal Science 17(1), 170-171.

    C-41.  Zohar, I., T. Dayan, E. Galili and E. Spanier, 2001. Fish processing during the early Holocene: a taphonomic study from the coast of Israel. Journal of Archaeological Science 28, 1041-1053.

    C-42.  Lavalli, K.L. and E. Spanier, 2001.Does gregariousness function as an antipredator mechanism in the Mediterranean slipper lobster, Scyllarides latusMarine and Freshwater Research 52, 1133-1143.

    C-43. Black, KD, Sayer, M, Cook, E., Angel, DL, Spanier, E., Karakassis, I, Malej, A., Collins, K., Pickering, H., Whitmarsh, D., Lojen, S. 2001. BIOFAQs - BIOFiltration and AQuaculture: an evaluation of substrate deployment performance. In: Environmental impact assessment of Mediterranean aquaculture farms. Cahiers Options Mediterraneennes 55: 205-207.

    C-44.  Angel, D. L., N. Eden, S. Breitstein, A. Yurrman, T. Katz and E. Spanier, 2002. In situ biofiltration: a mean to limit the dispersal of effluent from marine finfish cage aquaculture. Hydrobilogia 469, 1-10.

    C-45.  Kress, N., Tom, M., and Spanier, E. 2002. The use of coal fly ash in concrete for marine artificial reefs in the southeastern Mediterranean: compressive strength, sessile biota, and chemical composition ICES Journal of Marine Science, 59: S231 – S237.

    C-46.  Angel, D. L. and Spanier, E. 2002. An application of artificial reefs to reduce organic enrichment caused by net-cage fish farming: preliminary results. ICES Journal of Marine Science, 59: S324 – S329.

    C-47. Roditi-Elasar, M., Kerem, D., Goffman, O., Kress, N., Hornung, H. and E. Spanier, 2003. Heavy metal levels in bottlenose and striped dolphins off the Mediterranean coast of Israel. Marine Pollution Bulletin 46: 504 -512.

    C-48. Barshaw, D. E., K. L. Lavalli and E. Spanier, 2003. Offense versus defense: responses of three different morphological types of lobsters  to predation. Marine Ecology Progress Series 256: 171-182.

    C-49. Spanier, E., Tsemel, A., Lubinevsky, H., Roitemberg, A., Yurman, A., Breitstein, S., Angel, D. L., Eden, N. and Katz, T. 2003. Can open water bio-filters can be used for the reduction of the environmental impact of finfish net cage aquaculture in the coastal water of Israel. Annales – Annals for Istrian and Mediterranean studies 13 (1): 25-28.

    C-50. Angel, D. L., Eden, N., Katz, T. and E. Spanier, 2003. Mariculture – environment interactions and biofiltration in oligotrophic Red Sea waters. Annales – Annals for Istrian and Mediterranean studies 13 (1): 33-36.

    C-51. Bianchini, M. L., E. Spanier and S. Ragonese, 2003. Enzymatic variability of Mediterranean slipper lobsters, Scyllaidess latus, from Sicilian waters. Annales – Annals for Istrian and Mediterranean studies, Ser. hist. nat. 13, 43-50.

    C-52. Lojen, S., Spanier, E., Tsemel, A., Katz, T., Eden, N. and D. L. Angel, 2005. δ15N as a natural tracer of particulate nitrogen effluents released from marine aquaculture. Marine Biology 148 (1), 87-96.

    C-53. Tarsitano, S. F., K. L. Lavalli, F. Horne and E. Spanier, 2006. The constructional properties of the exoskeleton of Homarid, Palinurid, and Scyllarid Lobsters. Hydrobiologia 557, 9-20.

    C-54. Tsemel, A., Spanier, E. and D. L. Angel , 2006. Benthic communities of artificial structures: effect of mariculture in the Gulf of Aqaba (Eilat) on development and bioaccumulation". Bulletin of Marine Science, 78 (1), 103-113.

    C-55. Sivan D., Potasman M.., Almogi-Labin A., Bar-Yosef Mayer  D.E.,  Spanier E., Boaretto E. 2006. The Glycymeris query along the coasts and shallow shelf of Israel, south east Mediterranean. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology (Palaeo3) 233, 134-148.

    C-56.  Cook, E.J., K.D. Black, M.D.J. Sayer, C.J. Cromey, D. Angel, E. Spanier, A. Tsemel, T. Katz,
    N. Eden, I. Karakassis, M. Tsapakis, E. Apostolaki and A. Malej, 2006. The influence of caged mariculture on the early development of sub-littoral fouling communities: a pan-European study. ICES Journal of Marine Science 63, 637-649.

    Accepted for Publication

    C-57. Bentur Y. and E. Spanier (accepted for publication) Ciguatoxin-like substances in edible fish on the eastern Mediterranean Clinical Toxicology 22 pp.

    C-58. Sonin O., E. Spanier, D. Levi, B. Patti, P. Rizzo and M. G. Andreoli (accepted for publication). Nanism (Dwarfism) in a Mediterranean fish: a comparison between red mullets, Mullus barbatus, from the southeastern and the central Mediterranean Marine Ecology Progress Series.24pp.

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    Articles or Chapters in Books Which Are Not Conference Proceedings

    D-1. Spanier, E. 1983.  Environmental hazards in the Sea.  In:  Surviving in all conditions             (Hebrew edition). (Eds. Y. Shapiro, S. Bril and Y. Epstein) Israel Ministry of Defense Publishing Office, 75-83, 247-254. (in Hebrew).

    D-2. Spanier, E. 1986.  Aspects of the Biblical Blue and Royal Purple Industries. In: Antiquities of the Western Galilee (E. Yedaya, ed.) Israel Defense Ministry, Publishing House, pp.525-531 (In Hebrew).

    D-3. Spanier, E., Y. Melamed, D. Darom, and D. Friedman. 1987. Dangerous marine animals in the Gulf of Eilat. In: The Book of Sinai (A. Shmueli and G. Gvirzman, Eds.) "Eretz" Series, Vol. I, pp.447-472. (In Hebrew).

    D-4. Spanier, E. 1987. Dangerous Marine Organisms in the Coastal Waters. in: The way out, The skill to survive (Y. Nezer and Y. Epstein eds.). Israel Ministry of Defense Publishing Office. pp.235-274 (in Hebrew).

    D-5 - D-7: See B-1.

    D-8. Spanier, E., 2000. Artificial reefs off the Mediterranean coast of Israel. Chapter 1 In: Artificial Reefs in European Seas (A. Jensen, K. Collins & A. Lockwood, eds.). Kluwer Academic Publishers, Hampshire, pp. 1-19.

    D-9. Spanier, E., 2000. Environmental quality in the Mediterranean coasts. In: Sea and coasts – articles 2000 (E. Adler, M. Fine and D. Baum, Eds.). Department of Sea and coasts, Israel Ministry for Environmental Quality, pp. 8-18 (in Hebrew).

    D-10. Spanier, E., 2000. Dangerous marine animals in the coastal waters of Israel. In: Sea and coasts – articles 2000 (E. Adler, M. Fine and D. Baum, Eds.). Department of Sea and coasts, Israel Ministry for Environmental Quality, pp. 193-216 (in Hebrew).

    D-11. Spanier, E. and K. L. Lavalli, 2006 Scyllarides spp., Chapter 14 In : Lobsters: Biology Management, Aquaculture and Fisheries (Phillips, B. F.) Part 2: Lobsters of Commercial Importance. Blackwell, Oxford, UK, pp. 462-496.

    D-12. Lavalli, K.L. and  E. Spanier, 2007. Introduction to the biology and fisheries of slipper lobsters., Chapter 1,  Pp. 3-21 in: (Lavalli, K.L. and E. Spanier, eds.) The Biology and Fisheries of Slipper Lobsters. Crustacean Issues 17. CRC Press (Taylor &Francis Group), NY.

    D-13. Lavalli, K.L., E. Spanier, and F. Grasso, 2007. Behavior and sensory biology of slipper lobsters. Chapter 7, Pp. 133-181 in: (Lavalli, K.L. and E. Spanier, eds.) The Biology and Fisheries of Slipper Lobsters. Crustacean Issues 17. CRC Press (Taylor &Francis Group), NY.

     D-14. Spanier, E. and K.L. Lavalli., 2007. Directions for future research in slipper lobster biology. Chapter 10, Pp. 221-228 in: (Lavalli, K.L. and E. Spanier, eds.) The Biology and Fisheries of Slipper Lobsters. Crustacean Issues 17. CRC Press (Taylor & Francis Group), NY.

    D-15. Spanier, E. and K.L. Lavalli., 2007. Slipper lobster fisheries—Present status and future perspectives. Chapter 18, Pp. 377-391 in: (Lavalli, K.L. and E. Spanier, eds.) The Biology and Fisheries of Slipper Lobsters. Crustacean Issues 17. CRC Press (Taylor & Francis Group), NY.

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    Articles in Confrence Proceedings

    E-1. Myrberg A.A., E. Spanier, and S.J. Ha, 1978. Temporal patterning in acoustical communication.  chapt. 5 In: Contrasts in behavior (E.S. Reese and F.J. Lighter, Eds), John Wiley and Sons Inc. N.Y. 137-179.

    E-2. Spanier, E. 1979. Experiments in repelling night herons from fish ponds by the use of distress calls. Proceedings of the 10th Scientific Conference of the Israel Ecological Society: (IES, Israel) C1-C18.

    E-3. Spanier, E. 1981.  Behavioral Ecology of the marine snail Trunculariopsis trunculus, In: Developments in Arid Zone Ecology and Environmental Quality (Ed. H. Shuval). Balaban Iss.  Philadelphia, Vol. I, 65-70.

    E-4. Spanier, E., S. Pisanty and M. Tom. 1983.  Artificial reef in the Eastern Mediterranean ִ Preliminary Results.  In: Developments in Ecology and Environmental Quality Vol. II, (Ed. H. Shuval).  Balaban ISS.  Philadelphia, 317-325.

    E-5. Spanier, E., M. Tom, S. Pisanty, S. Breitstein, Y. Tur-Caspa and G. Almog, 1985. Development of artificial habitats for commercial species and open sea fish culturing in the southeastern Mediterranean. Proceedings of the joint international scientific diving symposium (C. T. Mitchell, ed.) October 31 to November 3, 1985. Academy of Underwater Sciences, La Jolla, California, pp.123-135.

    E-6. Elsner, O. and E. Spanier, 1985. The dyeing with Murex extracts.  An unusual dyeing method of wool to the Biblical Sky Blue. Proceedings of the 7th Wool and Textile Research Conference Tokyo 1985. Vol. V: 118-130.

    E-7. Spanier, E., M. Tom, S. Pisanty, and G. Almog-Shtayer, 1989. Comparison between Lessepsian migrants and local species in the fish community of the shallow shelf of Northern Israel. In: Ecosystems Stability and Environmental Quality Vol.IV/B (E. Spanier, M. Luria and Y. Steinberger Eds.) pp.177-185. ISEEQS, Jerusalem. (B-3)

    E-8. Almog-Shtayer, G., E. Spanier, and M. Artzy. 1989. What can we learn about the behavioral ecology of Mediterranean lobsters from ancient sources. In: Ecosystems Stability and Environmental Quality Vol. IV (E. Spanier, M. Luria, Y. Steinberger eds.) pp.371-379. ISEEQS, Jerusalem. (B-3)

    E-9. Spanier, E. 1989. How to increase the fisheries yield in low productive marine environments. Ocean 89: 1, 297-301. IEEE Publication (New York) Number 89CH2780-5.

    E-10. Spanier, E. 1991. Artificial reefs to insure protection of the adult Mediterranean slipper lobster, Scyllarides latus (Latreille, 1803), In: Les Espéces Marines á Protéger en Méditerranée (C.F. Boudouresque, M. Avon and V. Gravez Eds.) GIS Posidonia Publ., Fr. 1991: 179-185.

    E-11. Zohar, I., T. Dayan, E. Spanier, E. Galili and O. Lernau, 1994. Exploitation of grey triggerfish (Balistes carolinensis) by the prehistoric inhabitants of Atlit-Yam, Israel: A preliminary report. Fish Remains Group, Van Neer, W. (Ed.), Annals du Musee Royal de l'Afrique Centrale, Sciences Zoologiques, Tervuren, 274: 231-237.

    E-12. Spanier, E. 1995. Artificial reefs in a biogeographically changing environment. Proceedings of ECOSET '95, Tokyo, Japan, Vol. II, 543-547. ECS, Tokyo.

    E-13. Spanier, E. 1995. Do we need special artificial habitats for lobsters? Proceedings of ECOSET '95, Tokyo, Japan, Vol. II, 548-553. ECS, Tokyo.

    E-14. Spanier, E., K.J. Collins and J. Morris, 1996. Environmental changes in an artificial reef in the southeastern Mediterranean in the last decade.  Preservation of our world in the wake of change - Proceedings of the 6th International Conference of the Israeli Society for Ecology and Environmental Quality Sciences, Jerusalem, Israel (ed., Y. Steinberger). Vol. VIB, 446-448. ISEEQS, Jerusalem.

    E-15. Sonin, O., E. Spanier and S. Pisanty, 1996. Undersize fishes in the catch of the Israeli Mediterranean fisheries - are there differences between shallow and deeeper water? Preservation of our world in the wake of change - Proceedings of the 6th International Conference of the Israeli Society for Ecology and Environmental Quality Sciences. Jerusalem, Israel (ed., Y. Steinberger, vol. VIB, 449-454). ISEEQS, Jerusalem.

    E-16. Barshaw, D.E., K.L. Lavalli, M. Bianchini, S. Ragonese, and E. Spanier, 1996. Offense versus defense: the antipredator strategies of slipper lobsters compared with spiny and clawed lobsters. Preservation of our world in the wake of change - Proceedings of the 6th International Conference of the Israel Society for Ecology and Environmental Quality Sciences, Jerusalem, Israel (ed. Y. Steinberger, Vol. VIC), 4 pp. ISEEQS, Jerusalem.

    E-17. Spanier, E. 1996. Assessment of habitat selection behavior in macro-organisms on artificial reefs European Artificial Reef Research - Proceedings of the 1st EARRN (European Artificial Reef Research Network), Ancona, Italy, March 1996 (ed., A.C. Jensen), 323-336., Southampton Oceanographic Centre, UK.

    E-18. Angel, D. and E. Spanier, 1998. The potential of artificial reefs to reduce organic enrichment caused by commercial net cage fish farming in the Gulf of Aqaba. Proceedings of the Workshop on Offshore Technologies for Aquaculture, Technion, Haifa, 13-15 October, 1998. Paper 9.3, 266-269.

    E-19. Spanier, E., Kress, N. and M. Tom, 1999. The use of coal fly ash in marine concrete for artificial reefs in the southeastern Mediterranean. Proceedings of the 7th Conference on Artificial Reefs and Related Habitats. Sanremo, Italy,6-11 October, 1999, pp. 323-345.

    E-20. Angel, D. L. and E.  Spanier, 1999. Artificial reefs to reduce organic enrichment caused by net cage fish farming - preliminary results. Proceedings of the 7th Conference on Artificial Reefs and Related Habitats. Sanremo, Italy,6-11 October, 1999, pp. 478-485.

    E-21. Angel, D. L., Katz, T., Eden, N., E. Spanier and K. N. Black, 2005. Damage control in the coastal zone: improving water quality by harvesting aquaculture-derived nutrients. In: E. Levner Eugene; Linkov, Igor; Proth J.M., Jean-Marie (eds.) Strategic Management of Marine Ecosystems. Proceedings of the NATO Advanced Study Institute, held in Nice, France, 1-11 October, 2003. Series: Nato Science Series: IV: Earth and Environmental Sciences, Vol. 50 Springer, The Netherlands, 53-64.

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    Other Scientific Publications

    F-1. Spanier, E. 1975. Aspect of species recognition by sound in four species of damselfishes, Genus Eupomacentrus. Proceedings of the Animal Behavior Society Meeting University of North Carolina, May 22-27, 1975. 1p. (Abstract).

    F-2. Spanier, E. 1975.  Species recognition in damselfishes. Proceedings of the 55th Annual meeting American Society of Ichthyologists and Herpetologists. Williamsburg, Virginia, June, 1975. 1p. (Abstract)

    F-3. Spanier, E. 1977. The potential use of Ultraviolet radiation in aquaculture. The 6th Scientific Meeting of the H. Steinitz Marine Biology Laboratory, Eilat, March 31 1977. In: The 6th report of the Steinitz Marine Biology Laboratory, Eilat 1977. 2pp. (Abstract).

    F-4. Spanier, E. 1978. Experiments in repelling night herons from fish ponds by the use of            distress calls. Fisheries and Fish-breeding in Israel, 13(4): 11-24.(Technical Paper). (in Hebrew with an English abstract).

    F-5. Spanier, E. 1980.  CA Comment on "Maritime hunter-gatherers. Ecology and Prehistory" Current Anthropology, 21 (c): 742.

    F-6. Spanier, E. and N. Karmon. 1980. Notes concerning the predatory behavior of the purple snail (Murex trunculus). Levantina, 28: 321-323.

    F-7. Spanier, E. 1981. Aspects of the biology and behavior of the purple snail Murex trunculus. Israel Journal of Zoology, 30: 106-107.

    F-8. Spanier, E. 1982.  Predatory behavior of the rock murex (Trunculariopsis trunculus). Proceedings of the Annual Meeting of the Animal Behavior Society. Duluth Minnesota, p. 82. (Abstract)

    F-9. Spanier, E., N. Karmon and E. Linder. 1982. Bibliography concerning various aspects of the purple dye.  Levantina 37: 437-447.

    F-10. Spanier, E. 1983. Behavioral Ecology of marine animals in natural and artificial reefs. Proceedings of the 18 International Ethological Conference. Brisbane, Australia.  September 1983. p. 268. (Abstract).

    F-11. Spanier, E., M. Tom and S. Pisanty, 1983. Enhancement of fish recruitment by artificial enrichment of man-made reef in the southeastern Mediterranean. Proceedings of the 3rd International Artificial Reef Conference, Newport Beach, Cal. November 1983). pp.13-14. (Abstract)

    F-12. Spanier, E. 1984. Artificial reefs on the continental shelf-environmental improvement or an ecological damage? Proceedings of the 15th. Annual Meeting, Israel Society of Ecology. Haifa, May 1984, p.19 (In Hebrew). (Abstract) 

    F-13. Spanier, E. and R.K. Zimmer-Faust, 1986. Evidence for con-specific attraction influencing den selection by spiny lobsters. Proceedings of the Annual Conference Animal Behavior Society of America, Tucson, Arizona, June 1986. p.9. (Abstract)

    F-14. Spanier, E., M. Tom, S. Pisanty and G. Almog, 1986. Aspects of the ecology of the slipper lobster, Scyllarides latus in the southeastern Mediterranean. Proceedings of the of the IV International Conference of Ecology Syracuse N.Y. 1986. p. 319. (Abstract)

    F-15. Spanier, E. 1986.  Man and marine life: past, present and future. Proceedings of the 1st International Symposium on Harbors Port Cities and Coastal Topography.  Haifa Israel 1986.  pp. 181-182.  (Abstract)

    F-16. Spanier, E. 1987. Mollusca as food for the slipper lobster Scyllarides latus  in the coastal waters of Israel. Levantina,  68: 713-716.

    F-17. Spanier, E., M. Tom, S. Pisanty and G. Almog. 1987. Behavioral-ecological aspects in the biology of the Mediterranean slipper lobster in the coastal waters of Israel. Israel Journal of Zoology 34: 94. (extended abstract).

    F-18. Spanier, E., G. Almog, Tom, M. and S. Pisanty, 1987. Ecological Characteristics of the Mediterranean Slipper lobster in the north coast of Israel.  Proceedings of the 18th Annual Conference Israel Society for Ecology and Environmental  Quality Science.  Ohalo, May 1987, pp.9-12. (Abstract)

    F-19. Spanier, E. 1987.  Comparison of behavioral-ecological aspects of slipper lobsters and spiny lobsters.  Proceedings of the 20th International Ethological Conference; Madison, Wisconsin; August 1987. p.166. (Abstract).

    F-20. Spanier, E. 1988.  Artificial reefs and lobsters on the Mediterranean continental shelf of Israel.  Proceedings of the Symposium "Marine Studies", Haifa, February, 1988, 1p. (In Hebrew). (Abstract)

    F-21. Spanier, E. 1988.  Dangerous Marine Organisms in the Coasts of Carmel.  in: Carmel Studies (proc.) University of Haifa, June 7, 1988, pp.22-25. (In Hebrew). (Abstract)

    F-22. Spanier, E. 1988. Optimization of Behavioral Ecology ִ Optimal foraging versus optimal sheltering. Proceedings of the 19th Annual Conference of the Israel Society for Ecology and Environmental Quality Sciences,  Tel Aviv, June 15-16, 1988, p.H-3 (in Hebrew). (Abstract)

    F-23. Spanier, E. 1988.  Massive appearance of jellyfishes along the Mediterranean coast of Israel ִ known and unknown. Proceedings of the 25th annual Conference of the Zoological Society of Israel.  Oranim, Tivon, December 4-5, 1988, 1p. (in Hebrew). (Abstract)

    F-24. Spanier, E. 1989.  The Mediterranean slipper lobster - the known and the unknown. Proceedings of the IV Colloquium Crustacea Decapoda Mediterranea Thessaloniki, Greece: April 1989. pp.8-10. (Abstract)

    F-25. Spanier, E. 1989.  Lobsters and fish associated with morphological relieves. Proceedings of the of the Symposium on the Mediterranean Continental Shelf of Israel Haifa, May 1989. pp.30-31 (in Hebrew). (Abstract)

    F-26. Spanier, E. 1989. Optimal sheltering as a survival strategy. Proceedings of the 21st International Ethological Conference. Utrecht, Holland; August 1989, p.155. (Abstract)

    F-27. Spanier, E. 1989.  Behavioral ecology of Scyllarides latus and the protection of this species. Proceedings of the Colloque International: : Les Espéces Marines á Protéger en Méditerranée Carry-Le-Rouet, France, November 1989, pp.19-20. (Abstract)

    F-28. Spanier, E., S. Pisanty, M. Tom and G. Almog-Shtayer, 1989. Trials with man-made reef units as substitute for rocky habitat in exposed sea conditions. Fisheries and Fish-breeding in Israel 22: 36-45 (in Hebrew with an English Abstract). (Technical paper)

    F-29. Spanier, E. 1989. Swarming of jellyfishes along the Mediterranean coast of Israel. Israel Journal of  Zoology  36(1): 55-56. (extended abstract).

    F-30. Spanier, E., M. Tom, S. Pisanty and G. Almog, 1989. Artificial habitat for fisheries in the Southeastern Mediterranean - A Model for low productivity marine environments. Bulletin of Marine Science, 44:1070 (Abstract).

    F-31. Spanier, E. 1990. The rediscovery of the Royal Purple and Biblical Blue. Oceanus, 33(1): 75. (Short  article).

    F-32. Spanier, E. and B. Galil, 1990.  Scyhomedusae of the Mediterranean continental margin of Israel. Proceedings of the 2nd Symposium on the Mediterranean Continental Shelf of Israel University    of Tel Aviv. May 23. 4pp. (Abstract) (in Hebrew).

    F-33. Galil, B.S. and E. Spanier, 1990. The Scyphomedusae of the Mediterranean Coast of Israel. Rapport et Procés-verbaux des Réunions de la Commission Internationale pour l'Exploration Scientifique de la Mer Méditérranée, 32, 1, p.221. (Abstract)

    F-34. Barshaw, D.E. and E. Spanier. 1990. Artificial reefs protect adult slipper lobsters Scyllarides latus from predation. American Zoologist 30(4), p.46A.  (Abstract)

    F-35. Spanier, E., and D. Weihs. 1990. Escape swimming of the Mediterranean slipper lobster Scyllarides latus: Behavioral and hydrodynamic aspects. American Zoologist 30(4) p.122A. (Abstract)

    F-36. Spanier, E., M. Tom and B. S. Galil, 1991. Preliminary ROV study of the epibenthic megafauna at Akhziv canyon, Mediterranean coast of Israel. Proceedings of the 3d Symposium on the Mediterranean Continental Shelf of Israel, Haifa May 1991, 3pp. (Abstract)

    F-37. Barshaw, D.E. and E. Spanier. 1991. Sheltering as a protective adaptation of the Mediterranean slipper lobster Scyllarides latus, against predation by the grey trigger fish, Balistes carolinesis. Israel Journal of Zoology. 37: 180-181 (Abstract).

    F-38. Spanier, E. and D.E. Barshaw, 1991. Artificial habitats function as protection against a natural predator for commercial species. Abstracts of the Fifth International Conference on Aquatic Habitat Enhancement.  Nov. 3-7, 1991, Long Beach, CA. pp.101-102 (Abstract).

    F-39. Barshaw, D.E. and E. Spanier, 1991. Anti-predator behavior of the slipper lobster Scyllarides latus. American Zoologist 31 (5): 104A. (Abstract).

    F-40. Spanier, E. and D.E. Barshaw, 1992. Defenses in the Mediterranean slipper lobster in comparison with lobsters of other families. Abstracts of the 20th Annual Marine Benthic Ecology meeting. March 26-29, 1992, Newport, RI, USA. p.45. (Abstract).

    F-41. Spanier, E., 1992. The marine fauna of the coasts of Haifa and vicinities. in: Persons and Deeds in Haifa and Vicinities. (M. Aharoni, ed.) Miksam Publishing, Haifa, pp.63-64 (in Hebrew). (Short article in a book).

    F-42. Spanier, E., J.S. Cobb and M.-J. James, 1992. Are there eusocial marine crustaceans? Abstracts of the 20th Annual Marine Benthic Ecology meeting. March 26-29, 1992, Newport, RI, USA. p.45. (Abstract).

    F-43. Barshaw, D.E. and E. Spanier, 1992. The defence strategies of the Mediterranean slipper lobster, Scylarides latus. Proceedings of the first European Crustacean Conference. Paris, August 31-September 5, 1992. p.11 (Abstract).

    F-44. Avian, M., B. Galil, E. Spanier, and L. Rottini-Sandrini, 1992. The nematocysts of Rhopilema nomadica (Cnidaria, Scyphozoa) - A new Lessepsian Scyphomedusa in the Eastern Mediterranean.  Rapports et Procés Verbaux des Réunions de la Commission Internationale pour l'Exploration Scientifique de la Mer Méditérranée, 33 p.244 (Abstract).

    F-45. Avian, M., B. Galil, E. Spanier, L. Rottini-Sandrini, and P. Bonivento, 1992. Histology of the gonads of Rhopilema nomadica (Cnidaria, Scyphozoa) - First observations. Rapports et Procés Verbaux des Réunions de la Commission Internationale pour l'Exploration Scientifique de la Mer Méditerranée, 33 p.245 (Abstract).

    F-46. Barshaw, D.E. and E. Spanier, 1992. Social behavior, substrate preferences and sheltering of the slipper lobster, Scyllarides latus, in large naturalistic tanks. American Zoologist 32(5): 2A (Abstract).

    F-47. Spanier, E. J.S. Cobb and M. Clancy, 1992. Can we use ROVs to observe the behavior of lobsters? American Zoologist 32(5): 7A. (Abstract).

    F-48. Sonin, O., E. Spanier and S. Pisanty, 1993. Should trawling be limited along the Mediterranean coasts of Israel during the summer? Proceedings of the 5th Symposium on the Mediterranean Continental Shelf of Israel Haifa, May 1993 pp.16-21 (Extended Abstract in English and Hebrew).

    F-49. Spanier, E. 1993. Recruitment of lobsters to natural and artificial habitats: behavioral - ecological implications for stock management. Abstracts of the 4th International workshop on Lobster Biology and Management, p.36 (abstract).

    F-50. Barshaw, D.E. and E. Spanier, 1993. Social behavior, substrate preference and sheltering of the Mediterranean slipper lobster, Scyllarides latus.  Abstracts of the 4th International workshop on lobster ִ Biology and management. p.36 (Abstract).

    F-51. Zohar, I., Dayan, T., Spanier, E. and O. Lernau, 1993. The exploitation of marine resources by the prehistoric inhabitants of the East Mediterranean coast: The case of the Grey Triggerfish (Balistes carolinensis).  ICAS, Fish remains group, 7th meeting, Leuven, Belgium, 6-10 September 1993. 1p  (Abstract).

    F-52. Barshaw, D.E. and E. Spanier, 1993. The undiscovered lobster: A first look at the social behavior of the slipper lobster Scyllarides latus. American Zoologist 33(5): 104A (Abstract).

    F-53. Fiedler, U. and E. Spanier, 1993. Distribution of the larvae of Scyllarus arctus in the Eastern Mediterranean.  Abstracts of the International Senckenberg Symposium Crustacea Decapoda, Frankfurt a.M. October 18-22, 1993, p.23. (Abstract).

    F-54. Spanier, E. 1994. Should the Coral Reserve in Eilat be closed for visitors? Proceedings of the Symposium on the ecosystem of the Gulf of Eilat in view of the regional economic developments and the Peace Process, Eilat, January 1994, 2pp. (Abstract) (in Hebrew).

    F-55. Barshaw, D.E. and E. Spanier, 1994. The undiscovered lobster: A first look at the social behavior of the Mediterranean slipper lobster Scyllarides latus. In Proceedings of the 30th Annual Conference of the Zoological Society of Israel, University of Tel Aviv, January 1994, p.12 (Abstract).

    F-56. Spanier, E., D.E. Barshaw, and S. Ovadia, 1994. Clinging behavior of the Mediterranean slipper lobster Scyllarides latus. In Proceedings of the 30th Annual Conference of the Zoological Society of Israel, University of Tel Aviv, January 1994, p.69 (Abstract).

    F-57. Spanier, E., 1994. Migration of the Mediterranean slipper lobster Scyllarides latus. Abstracts of the "Orientation and Migration in the Sea" Meeting, Plymouth, England, April 1994, p. 15 (Abstract).

    F-58. Spanier, E., 1994. Enhancement of marine biological resources-fisheries and      mariculture towards the 21st Century. Riassunti. xxv Congresso della Societe Italiana di Biologia Marina, p. 25 (Abstract).

    F-59. Spanier, E. 1994. Artificial reefs made of fly ash concrete on the Mediterranean continental shelf of Israel. Abstracts of the Conference on Shore Extensions and Artificial Islands off the Coast of Israel. Herzliyah, June 16-17, 1994, pp. 19,20 (English and Hebrew Abstracts).

    F-60. Barshaw, D. and E. Spanier, 1994. The undiscovered lobster: A first look at the social behavior of the Mediterranean slipper lobster, Scyllarides latus. Israel Journal of Zoology, 40: 91-92 (Abstract).

    F-61. Spanier, E., D.E. Barshaw, and S. Ovadia, 1994. Clinging behavior of the Mediterranean slipper lobster Scyllarides latus. Israel Journal of Zoology, 40: 113 (Abstract).

    F-62. Spanier, E., T.P. McKenzie, J.S. Cobb and M. Clancy, 1994. The effect of predation risk and food deprivation on the behavior of late juvenile American clawed lobsters Homarus americanus. In Proceedings of the 31st Annual Conference of the Zoological Society of Israel, Technion, Haifa, November 1994, p. 69 (Abstract).

    F-63. Goffman, O., E. Spanier, D. Kerem and I. Tsur, 1994. Distribution and death of dolphins along the Mediterranean coast of Israel - a preliminary report. In Proceedings of the 31st Annual Conference of the Zoological Society of Israel, Technion, Haifa, November 1994, p. 15 (Abstract).

    F-64. Spanier, E., and D.E. Barshaw, 1994. Artificial habitats function as protection against natural predator for commercial species. Bulletin of Marine Science, 55(2+3): 1352-3. (Abstract)

    F-65. Spanier, E., T.P. McKenzie, J.S. Cobb and M. Clancy, 1995. Effect of predation and food deprivation on the behavior of late juvenile American clawed lobsters. Homarus Americanus. Israel Journal of Zoology, 41: 109 (Abstract).

    F-66. Goffman, O., E. Spanier, D. Kerem and I. Zur, 1995.  Distribution and death of  dolphins along the Mediterranean coast of Israel. Israel Journal of Zoology, 41: 88 (Abstract).

    F-67. Barshaw, D. and E. Spanier, 1995. The undiscovered lobster: a first look at the social behavior of the slipper lobster, Scyllarides latus. Abstracts of the 23rd Annual Marine Benthic Ecology Meeting, March 1995, New Brunswick, NJ, USA. 1p. (Abstract).

    F-68. Roditi, M., H. Hornung, N. Kress, O. Goffman, E. Spanier and D. Kerem, 1995. Dolphins' stranding in the Mediterranean Coast of Israel - Why? Proceedings of the 7th Symposium on the Mediterranean Continental Margins of Israel. Haifa, June 1995,
    pp. 68-75 (Extended Abstract in English and Hebrew).

    F-69. Spanier, E. 1995. Whales off the Coast of Israel. In Abstracts of the 2nd Scientific          Meeting on Marine Mammals in Israel, Nahariya, June 1995, p. 16 (Hebrew Abstract).

    F-70. Spanier, E. 1995. The Marine Environment Towards the 2000 - Risks and Prospects. In Abstracts of the 26 Annual Meeting of the Israel Society for Ecology and Environmental Quality Sciences, Technion, Haifa, July 3-4, 1995, p. 5 (Hebrew Abstract).

    F-71. Zohar, I., E. Spanier and T. Dayan, 1996. Exploitation of the gray triggerfish Balistes carolinensis at the beginning of the Holocene. Israel Journal of Zoology, 42: 89.

    F-72. Spanier, E. 1996. The effect of fish cage on the natural environment on the Mediterranean continental shelf of Israel - preliminary results. Proceedings of the 8th Symposium on the Mediterranean Continental Margins of Israel, Haifa, June 1996, p. 20 (Hebrew Abstract).                     

    F-73. Roditi, M., H. Hornung, O. Goffman, D. Kerem and E. Spanier, 1996. Tissue trace metal content in dolphins off the Mediterranean coast of Israel. 10th Annual Conference of the European Cetacean Society, Lisbon, Portugal, 11-13 March, 1996, p. 68 (Abstract).

    F-74. Barshaw, D.E., K.L. Lavalli and E. Spanier, 1996. Is offense really the best defense for decapods? Proceedings of the 6th Colloquium Crustacea Decapoda Mediterranea, Florence 12-15 September, 1996, pp. 7-8 (Abstract).

    F-75. Spanier, E., Barshaw, D.E. and K.L. Lavalli, 1996. Developments in the knowledge of the Mediterranean slipper lobster Scyllarides latus, Proceedings of the 6th Colloquium Crustacea Decapoda Mediterranea, Florence 12-15 September, 1996, Proceedings of the 6th Colloquium Crustacea Decapoda Mediterranea, Florence 12-15 September, 1996, p. 85 (Abstract).

    F-76. Goffman, O., D. Kerem, K.L. Lavalli, M. Roditi and E. Spanier, 1996. Successful herding of wild dolphins (Tursiops trancatus) out of Haifa Port, Israel via an acoustic wall. International Marine Animal Trainers’ Association, Abstracts of the 24th Annual Conference, Australia, November, 1996, p. 16 (Abstract).

    F-77. Barshaw, D.E., Spanier, E. and K.L. Lavalli, 1996. Comparison of predatory-prey interactions between three species of Mediterranean lobsters and the Mediterranean gray triggerfish. In Proceedings of the 33rd Annual Confernece of the Zoological Society of Israel, University of Tel Aviv, December 1996, p. 10 (Hebrew Abstract).

    F-78. Spanier, E., T.P. McKenzie, J.S. Cobb and M. Clancy, 1997. Behavior of juvenile American lobsters, Homarus americanus under the risk of predation. Abstracts of the Fifth International Conference and Workshop on Lobster Biology and Management, Queenstown, New Zealand, February 1997, p. 69 (Abstract).

    F-79. Lozano-Alvarez, E. and E. Spanier, 1997. Behavior and growth of captive sub-adults spiny lobsters, Panulirus argus, under the risk of predation. Abstracts of the Fifth International Conference and Workshop on Lobster Biology and Management, Queenstown, New Zealand, February 1997, p. 5 (Abstract).

    F-80. Barshaw, D.E., K.L. Lavalli, and E. Spanier, 1997. Is offense the best defense: A Comparison of the responses to predation of three species of lobsters. Abstracts of the Fifth International Conference and Workshop on Lobster Biology and Management, Queenstown, New Zealand, February 1997, p. 13 (Abstract).

    F-81. Barshaw, D.E., Spanier, E. and K.L. Lavalli, 1997. Predatory-prey interactions between three species of Mediterranean lobsters and the gray triggerfish. Israel Journal of Zoology, 43 (1): 95-96 (Abstract).

    F-82. Collins, K. J., Figley, W. K. and E. Spanier, 1997. Bio-accumulation studies of tire artificial reef biota. Abstracts of the Third International Ocean Pollution Symposium (3IOPS), 7-11 April  1997, Harbor Branch Oceanographic Institution, Ft. Pierce, Florida, USA. p. 53  (Abstract).

    F-83. Spanier, E., Kress, N. and M. Tom, 1998. Recent findings regarding the use of coal fly-ash in marine concrete for artificial reefs. Third Workshop of EARRN (European Artificial Reef Research Network) - Reef design and materials, Southampton, UK, January, 1998. 5pp (Extended Abstract).

    F-84. Spanier, E., Kress, N. and M. Tom, 1998. The effect of coal fly-ash consolidated in concrete on the  marine environment - summary of the first 2 years of the study. A report for the Israel Electric Corporation. ILOR-H 11/98, 48pp. (Technical Report) (in Hebrew).

    F-85. Spanier, E., Kress, N. and M. Tom, 1998. The effect of coal fly-ash consolidated in concrete on the  marine environment - preliminary results. In Abstracts of the 29 Annual Meeting of the Israel Society for Ecology and Environmental Quality Sciences, Ben-Gurion University, Beer-Sheva, June 29-30, 1998, p. 137 (Hebrew Abstract).

    F-86. Spanier, E. and K.L. Lavalli, 1998. Gregarious behavior of slipper lobster and predation risk. Proceedings of the Annual Conference Animal Behavior Society of America, Southern Illinois University, Carbondale, Illinois, USA. July 1998. p.60. (Abstract)

    F-87. Spanier, E., 1998. Environmental quality of the Mediterranean coastal waters. Abstracts of the conference on the Mediterranean as a regio, University of Haifa, December 1st, 1998. pp. 17- 27. (Extended Abstract in Hebrew).

    F-88. Roditi, M., O. Goffman, D. Kerem, E. Spanier and Z. Shreib, 1998. Toothed  whales living or visiting the eastern coast of the Mediterranean . In Proceedings of the 35th Annual Conference of the Zoological Society of Israel, University of Haifa, December 1998, p. 60 (Hebrew Abstract).

    F-89. Spanier, E., 1999. Artificial reefs in the Mediterranean - Past, Present & Future. Abstracts of the conference Mare Nostrum - physical, humanistic and cultural aspects of the Mediterranean. University of Haifa, May, 1999, p. 129 (Hebrew Abstract).

    F-90. Spanier, E., Kress, N. and M. Tom, 1999. The effect of coal fly-ash consolidated in concrete on the marine environment. In Proceedings of the 11th Symposium on the Mediterranean Continental Margins of Israel, University of Haifa, May, 1999, p. 25 (Hebrew Abstract).

    F-91. Spanier, E., Kress, N. and M. Tom, 1999. Can coal fly-ash be used as an environmentally safe substitute for sand in marine concrete in the Mediterranean? In Proceedings of the 7th International Conference of the Israel Society for Ecology and Environmental Quality Sciences on Environmental Challenges for the Next Millennium. Jerusalem, Israel, June
    13-18, 1999, p. 92. (English Abstract).

    F-92. Spanier, E., Kress, N. and M. Tom, 1999. The effect of coal fly-ash consolidated in concrete on the  marine environment – a final report for the Israel Electric Corporation. ILOR-H 1/99,  62pp. (Technical Report) (in Hebrew).

    F-93. Spanier, E. and E. Menashe, 1999. Predator-prey interactions between the common octopus, Octopus vulgaris and the Mediterranean slipper lobster, Scyllarides latus – preliminary results. In Proceedings of the 7th Colloquium Crustacea Decapoda Mediterranea, Lisbon, Portugal, September 6-9, 1999, p. 111 (English Abstract).

    F-94. Spanier, E., Kress, N. and M. Tom, 1999. The use of coal fly ash in marine concrete for artificial reefs in the southeastern Mediterranean. Abstracts of the 7th Conference on Artificial Reefs and Related Habitats. Sanremo, Italy,6-11 October, 1999, p. 58 (English Abstract).

    F-95. Angel, D. L. and E.  Spanier, 1999. The potential of artificial reefs to reduce organic enrichment caused by commercial net cage fish farming in the Gulf of Aqaba (Eilat). Abstracts of the 7th Conference on Artificial Reefs and Related Habitats. Sanremo, Italy,6-11 October, 1999, p. 81 (English Abstract).

    F-96. Brit, N. and E. Spanier, 2000. Aspects of the ecology of the pearl oyster Pinctada radiata in the rocky coast of Haifa. In Proceedings of the 12th Symposium on the Mediterranean  Continental Margins of Israel, National Institute of Oceanography, IOLR, Haifa, June 2000, p. 1-2 (Hebrew Abstract).

    F-97. Roditi-Elsar M., H. Hornung, D. Kerem, E. Spanier, N. Kress and O. Goffman, 2000. Marine pollution as a cause of morbidity in dolphins - evidence from concentrations of pollutants in bones of dolphins from archaeological excavations and bones and tissues of dolphins found recently along the Mediterranean Israeli coast. In Abstracts of the 30 Annual Meeting of the
    Israel Society for Ecology and Environmental Quality Sciences, Haifa, June 19-20, 2000, p. 28 (Hebrew Abstract).

    F-98. Spanier, E. And K. Lavalli, 2000. Does gregarious behavior function as an anti-predator mechanism in the Mediterranean slipper lobster, Scyllarides latus, and is the common octopus, Octopus vulgaris, a predator of this lobster? IN Abstracts of the 6th International Conference and Workshop on Lobster Biology and Management, Key West, Florida, September 10-15, 2000. p. 71. (English Abstract).

    F-99. Tarsitano, S. T., K. Lavalli and E. Spanier, 2000. Life under lobster carapace; tubular structures found. IN Abstracts of the 6th International Conference and Workshop on Lobster Biology and Management, Key West, Florida, September 10-15, 2000. p. 99. (English Abstract).

    F-100. Spanier, E., N. Eden, S. Breitstein, A. Yurman, T. Katz and D. Angel, 2000. Dynamics of fish communities in the vicinity of caged fish aquaculture farms in the Northern Gulf of Elat (Aqaba). In Proceedings of the 37th Annual Conference of the Zoological Society of Israel, Tel-AvivUniversity of Haifa, December 2000, p. 49 (Hebrew Abstract).

    F-101. Spanier, E., N. Eden, S. Breitstein, A. Yurman, T. Katz and D. Angel, 2000. Dynamics of fish communities in the vicinity of caged fish aquaculture farms in the Northern Gulf of Elat (Aqaba) . Israel Journal of Zoology, 47: 195 (English Abstract).

    F-102. Angel, D. L., E.  Spanier, N. Eden and T. Katz, 2001. Using biofilters to reduce effluent
    dispersal from marine net-pen fish farms. In Abstracts of the Aquatic Sciences meeting of the American Society of Limnology and Oceanography: “Making connections in the 21th Century”, Albuquerque, NM, USA, February 12-16, 2001, ss34. (English Abstract).

    F-103. Spanier, E., D. Angel, N. Eden, S. Breitstein, A. Yurman, T. Katz and Y. Zilbiger, 2001. The potential use of artificial reefs and bio-filters to reduce the environmental impact of caged fish aquaculture farms in the Northern Gulf of Eilat. In Abstracts of the 31 Annual Meeting of the Israel Society for Ecology and Environmental Quality Sciences, Tel Aviv, May 2, 2001, p. 37  (Hebrew Abstract).

    F-104. Brit, N. and E. Spanier, 2001. Aspect of the ecology of the pearl oyster, Pinctada radiata, in the rocky coast of Haifa. In Abstracts of the 31 Annual Meeting of the Israel Society for Ecology and Environmental Quality Sciences, Tel Aviv, May 2, 2001, p. 9  (Hebrew Abstract).

    F-105. Angel, D. L., E.  Spanier, N. Eden, T. Katz, A. Yurman and S. Breitstein, 2001. A new approach to sustainable mariculture: stimulating “natural” biofilters to capture fish farm waste. In Abstracts of the Open Ocean Aquaculture IV, St. Andrews, NB, Canada, June 17 –20, 2001, pp. 20-22. (English Abstract).

    F-106. Spanier, E., O. Sonin , D. Levi, P. Rizzo  and M. G. Andreoli.,2002. Nanism In Mediterranean Fish - A Comparison between Red Mullet from the Southeastern and Central Mediterranean. In Abstracts of the 9th International Congress on the Zoogeography and Ecology of Greece and Adjacent Regions, Thessaloniki, 22-25 May, 2002, pp. 121 -122. (English Abstract).

    F-107. Spanier, E., O. Sonin , D. Levi, P. Rizzo  and M. G. Andreoli.,2002. Does size count? -Nanism in the Red Mullet from the Mediterranean continental margins of Israel in comparison to Sicily environment. In Proceedings of the 14th Symposium on the 
    Mediterranean Continental Margins of Israel, University of Haifa, May, 2002, pp. 31-34 (Hebrew Abstract).

    F-108. Spanier E., 2002. Biology and conservation of lobsters – the behavioral ecology point of view. In Abstracts of the 8th Colloquium Crustacea Decapoda Mediterranea, 2-6 September 2002, Corfu Island, Greece. p. 94. (English abstract).

    F-109. Tarsitano, S. F., Lavalli, K. L., Horne, F. and Spanier, E., 2002. Biomechanical aspects of the lobster carapace. In Abstracts of the 8th Colloquium Crustacea Decapoda Mediterranea,2-6 September 2002, Corfu Island, Greece. p. 96. (English abstract).

    F-110. Malcom, C., Lavalli, K. L., and Spanier, E., 2002. Functional morphology of the perieopod setae of slipper lobsters (Sc des latus, S. aequinoctialis, and S. nodifer) In Abstracts of the 8th Colloquium Crustacea Decapoda Mediterranea, 2-6 September  2002, Corfu Island, Greece. pp. 75 - 76. (English abstract).

    F-111. Bianchini, M.L., S. Ragonese and E. Spanier, 2002. Restocking and genetic variability    of the Mediterranean slipper lobster, Scyllarides latus, in Sicily. In Abstracts of the 7th Bordeaux Aquaculture and Environmental Symposium, Bordeaux, France, September, 18-20, 2002, p. 27. (English abstract).

    F-112. Bianchini, M.L., S. Ragonese and E. Spanier, 2002. Repeuplement et variabilité  génétique de la cigale de mer, Scyllarides latus, en Sicile. Cahier de l'Agriculture, 3pp. (Extended French abstract).

    F-113. E. Spanier, E. , D. L. Angel, A. Tsemel, N. Eden, T. Katz, A. Yurman, S. Breitstein and A. Roitemberg, 2002.The potential use of artificial reefs and bio-filters to reduce the environmental impact caused by commercial net cage fish farming. Sea Farming today and  tomorrow. Abstract and extended communications, Aquaculture Europe 2002, Trieste, Italy, October 16-19, 2002.European Aquaculture Society, Special Publication No. 32, pp. 490 – 491. (Extended abstract).

    F-114. Lojen, S., A. Malej, D. L. Angel, N. Eden, E. Spanier, M. Tsapakis, I. Karakassis, E. Cook and K. Black, 2002. Biofiltration and aquaculture: a stable isotope study. Sea Farming today and tomorrow. Abstract and extended communications, Aquaculture Europe 2002, Trieste,Italy, October 16-19, 2002.European Aquaculture Society, Special Publication No. 32, pp. 306 – 307. (Extended abstract).

    F-115. Glazer, A. Spanier, E., Abelson, A. and L. Hyams, 2002. Characterization of biofouling communities on artificial substrates in the cooling-water system of the "Orot Rabin" power station in the southeastern Mediterranean, Israel.) . Israel Journal of Zoology, 48: 169 – 170. (English Abstract).

    F-116. Spanier, E., O. Sonin , D. Levi, P. Rizzo  and M. G. Andreoli.,2002. Nanism in the Red Mullets from the Southeastern Mediterranean. In  Abstracts of the 32 Annual Meeting of the Israel Society for Ecology and Environmental Quality Sciences, Tel Aviv, December 18, 2002, p. 28 (Hebrew Abstract).

    F-117. Tsmel, A and E. Spanier, 2002. Development of sessile invertebrates on artificial substrate near the fish farms as a mean to reduce the organic load in the Gulf of Eilat. In Abstracts of the 32 Annual Meeting of the Israel Society for Ecology and Environmental Quality Sciences, Tel Aviv,December 18, 2002, p. 29 (Hebrew Abstract).

    F-118. Spanier, E. and D. Weihs. 2004. Hydrodynamic aspects of locomotion in the Mediterranean slipper lobster, Scyllarides latus.  In proceedings of the 7th International Conference and Workshop on lobster biology and management, Tasmania, Australia, 8 – 13 February, 2004, p. 61.
        
    F-119.   Ethad, E. and E. Spanier, 2004. Fish caught in the filters of the electric power station in Haifa in comparison to environmental conditions. In Abstracts of the 33 Annual Meeting of the Israel Society for Ecology and Environmental Quality Sciences, Tel Aviv, June 9-10, 2004, p. 27  (Hebrew Abstract).
        
    F- 120.  Ben-Tur, Y. and E. Spanier, 2004. Estimation of the distribution of the Ciguatera poisoning  in edible rabbit fish, Siganus spp. In the Mediterranean coasts of Israel. In Abstracts of the 33 Annual Meeting of the Israel Society for Ecology and Environmental Quality Sciences, Tel Aviv, June 9-10, 2004, p. 34  (Hebrew Abstract).

        
    F- 121. Spanier, E. and D. Weihs. 2004. Hydrodynamic aspects of locomotion in the Mediterranean slipper lobster, Scyllarides latus In Proceedings of the 41th Annual Conference of the Zoological Society of Israel, University of Haifa, December 2004, p. 98 (Hebrew Abstract).
       
    F-122.   Ben-Tur, Y. and E. Spanier, 2004. Estimation of the distribution of the Ciguatera poisoning in edible rabbit fish, Siganus spp. In the Mediterranean coasts of Israel. In Proceedings of the 41th Annual Conference of the Zoological Society of Israel, University of Haifa, December 2004, p. 97 (Hebrew Abstract). .

    F-123.  Scheinin, A., Kerem, D., Goffman, O. & E. Spanier, 2004. Rare occurrences of cetaceans along  the Israeli Mediterranean coast. FINS - Newsletter of ACCOBAMS (Agreement on the Conservation of Cetaceans of the Black Sea, Mediterranean Sea and Contiguous Atlantic Area) 1(1), 10-11 (An article in a newsletter).

    F- 124. Spanier, E., A. Tsemel, D. L. Angel, S. Lojen, N. Eden, T. Katz. 2005. Can mid- water artificial structures be used to reduce organic loading from net cage mariculture? In Proceedings of the 8th International Conference on Artificial Reefs and Artificial Habitats, Biloxi, MS, USA, April 11-14, 2005. P. 68.

    F- 125. Spanier, E. and D. Weihs. 2005. Hydrodynamic aspects of locomotion in the Mediterranean slipper lobster, Scyllarides latus.  In Symposium 10-Behavour, proceedings of the Sixth International Crustacean Congress, Glasgow, Scotland, UK, 18-22 July 2005.p. 107.

    F- 126. Edelist,  D. and Spanier, E. 2006.The impact of Artificial Reefs in the Mediterranean on the fish assemblage in their natural habitat. In Abstracts of the 3d  Annual Conference of the Israeli Associations of Aquatic Sciences, University of Haifa, May, 2006, pp.15-16. (English Abstract)

    F- 127. Edelist,  D.and Spanier, E. 2006.The impact of Artificial Reefs in the Mediterranean on the fish assemblage in their natural habitat In Abstracts of the 34 Annual Meeting of the Israel Society for Ecology and Environmental Quality Sciences, Haifa, June 26-27, 2006, 2 pp. 34  (Hebrew and English Abstracts).

    F- 128. Spanier, E. 2006. Selected topics in artificial reef research in Israel. In: Proceeding of the International Forum on the future development of constructed reefs in Taiwan, Academia Sinica, Taipei, Taiwan, September 2006 (J. Rong-Quen, D. J. Sheehy & K.-T. Shao, eds.) p.73-84.

    F- 129. Spanier, E. and D. L. Angel, 2006.Benthic artificial reefs and mid-water artificial substrates in the northern gulf of Aqaba: biodiversity and potential environmental applications In Proceedings of the International Workshop on the High Biodiversity of the Gulf of Aqaba: origin, dimension and protection, October 16-23, Jerusalem-Eilat, Israel. P. 52.
        
    F- 130. Spanier, E. and Edelist,  D. 2006. The impact of Artificial Reefs in the Mediterranean coast of Israel on the fish assemblage of the surroundings natural rocky habitat. In Proceedings of the 43d Annual Conference of the Zoological Society of Israel, The Open University, Ranana, December 2006, p. 98 (Hebrew Abstract).
        
    F- 131.  Gweta S., Bentur Y. and Spanier E. 2006.Injuries of fishermen by marine animals in the Mediterranean coastal water of Israel. In Abstracts of the 3d  Annual Conference of the Israeli Associations of Aquatic Sciences, University of Haifa, May, 2006, pp.18,24 (English & Hebrew abstracts).
        
    F-132.  Goffman O., Granit S-L., Hadar N., Kerem D.,  Podialis V., Kent R., Ratner, E.,  Roditi- Elsar M., Scheinin, A. and E. Spanier, 2006. Cetacean species in Israeli Mediterranean waters: update 200-2006. In Abstracts of the 3d  Annual Conference of the Israeli Associations of Aquatic Sciences, University of Haifa, May, 2006, p.21, (English & Hebrew abstracts).
        
    F- 133.  Spanier E. 2006. Injuries of fishermen by marine animals in the Mediterranean coastal water of Israel Abstracts of the 34 Annual Meeting of the Israel Society for Ecology and Environmental Quality Sciences, Haifa, June 26-27, 2006, 2 pp.  (Hebrew and English Abstracts).

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    . Other Publications

    G-1. Spanier, E. 1976. Using UVOXX in fish hatchery Report #I. Yissum Company, University of Haifa Ltd.  8 pp. (Technical Report).

    G-2. Spanier, E. 1976.  Using UVOXX in fish hatchery ִReport #II. Yissum Company, University of Haifa Ltd.  9 pp. (Technical Report).

    G-3. Spanier, E. 1980. The use of ultraviolet liquid sterilizer for drinking water of chickens. A Report of the Applied Scientific Research Co. University of Haifa Ltd. 11 pp. (Technical Report).

    G-4. Spanier, E. 1981. Whales on Israel's Coasts? Israel Land and Nature. Fall 1981:32-33. (non-Scientific paper)

    G-5. Spanier, E. and I. Ziderman, 1982. The purple and Tekhelet  "Mada", 26(4): 184-189.  (In Hebrew). (Review article)

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